Kleinian books

A selection of publications on Kleinian theory and technique and about Melanie Klein’s life, listed alphabetically by author. The list is not exhaustive and will be updated as new books are published.


Abram, J. and Hinshelwood, R. (2018) The Clinical Paradigms of Melanie Klein and Donald Winnicott: Comparisons and Dialogues. Routledge.

This book introduces the distinctive clinical paradigms of Melanie Klein and Donald Winnicott, comparing the ways in which their theories evolved, and presenting a dialogue between Hinshelwood and Abram on their key concepts. It covers five main topics: basic principles; early psychic development; the role of the external object; the psychoanalytical concept of psychic pain; and, practice and theory. The books is aimed at both those coming new to psychoanalytic ideas, and experienced psychoanalysts who wish to develop an understanding of how the conceptualisations of these two schools of theory might be compared and contrasted.

Aguayo, J. and Malin, B. (eds.) 2013. Wilfred Bion: Los Angeles Seminars and Supervision. Karnac.

Wilfred Bion’s lectures at the Los Angeles Psychoanalytic Society and Institute in April 1967 are here published for the first time. This collection presents Bion’s clear exposition of his clinical and theoretical thinking. The first lecture sets out his ideas on ‘memory and desire’, and he discusses the factors that facilitate optimal listening receptivity in the analyst. In the second lecture, Bion defines projective identification, container/contained and ‘beta elements’, and how these ideas serve as an orienting template for the analyst’s understanding of ‘proto-mental’ states of mind.

Aguayo, J., Pistiner de Cortinas, L. and Regeczkey, A. (eds.) 2017. Bion in Buenos Aires: Seminars, Case Presentation and Supervision. Karnac.

These newly discovered clinical seminars by Wilfred Bion – comprising supervisions, case presentations, and lectures on psychoanalytic theory – represent the beginnings of a body of work that has inspired South American analysts for half a century. Bion’s work ranks highly in the current psychoanalytic firmament, and remains deeply relevant for many analysts. The seminars collected here are based on work Bion carried out in Buenos Aires in 1968. They include lectures on his elaborations of his epistemological research, and on the ‘Grid’ and its clinical relevance.

Anderson, R. (ed.) 1991. Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge Download a review of Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion.

This collection outlines the fundamental ideas in the two analysts’ thinking, and shows how they can be used to tackle clinical problems. Originally a series of lectures aimed at the general public, these papers cover major ideas developed by Klein and Bion, such as: child analysis; unconscious phantasy; projective identification; the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions; Bion’s study of psychotic thinking; and the concept of container/contained.

Anderson, R. and Dartington, A. (eds.) 1988. Facing it Out: Clinical Perspectives on Adolescence. Duckworth.

Based on a wealth of experience gathered over several decades in the Tavistock Clinic’s Adolescent Department, this book approaches some of the most difficult aspects of adolescence, yet also provides a conceptual framework of normal adolescence. Contributors examine different clinical aspects of adolescent disturbance, exploring in particular the impact on the family. The chapters cover a range of topics, from adjustment crises to anorexia nervosa and psychosis, as well as the formation of identity.

Alvarez, A. and Edwards, J. 2001. Being Alive: Building on the work of Anne Alvarez. Routledge.

This is a celebration of the work of Anne Alvarez, a psychoanalytic psychotherapist whose work on autism and severe personality disorders in children has made a great impact internationally. The book includes contributions from renowned psychoanalysts and psychotherapists around the world. It will be of great interest to child and adolescent psychotherapists, and to clinical psychologists, psychoanalysts and psychiatrists working with autistic or severely disturbed children.

Alvarez, A., 1992. Live Company – Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy With Autistic, Borderline, Deprived and Abused Children. Routledge.

Anne Alvarez reflects on thirty years’ experience of treating autistic, psychotic and borderline children and adolescents with psychoanalytic psychotherapy. The author discusses developments in this area, and describes points of convergence and divergence between organicist and psychodynamicist theories of autism. Her integration of psychoanalytic theory with new findings in infant psychiatry, has enabled her to formulate new ideas and suggest additions to established theory. This enlightening book will be of interest to all professionals involved with children and adolescents, as well as anyone interested in the growth of the mind


Bell, D. (ed.) 1997. Reason and Passion: A Celebration of the Work of Hanna Segal. Duckworth.

Hanna Segal was a major figure in the development of Kleinian thought, and her first two books on Melanie Klein are classic texts. She made seminal contributions to the understanding of psychosis, the theory of symbolism, aesthetics, literature and politics. Reason and Passion was produced in her honour, with papers by a group of internationally renowned psychoanalysts reflecting on various aspects of her work. Each paper makes a contribution to furthering Segal’s theoretical and clinical ideas. This is the first of two volumes in the Tavistock Clinic Series examining her work.

Bell, D. (ed.) 1999. Culture and Psychoanalysis: A Kleinian Perspective. Duckworth.

These two volumes, though available separately, together constitute a celebration of the work of Hanna Segal. The first volume comprises clinical and theoretical papers from clinicians of international repute, while the second volume brings together contributions from leading academics and psychoanalysts who explore the relationship between psychoanalysis, literature, philosophy, and social theory.

Bell, D (ed.) and Novakovic, A. 2013. Living on the Border: Psychotic Processes in the Individual, the Couple, and the Group. Karnac. Find out more about this book

This book centres on psychosis – as understood from a psychoanalytic perspective – in its different manifestations: in the psychoanalytic session, in couples, groups and institutions, and in wider realms of social organisation. Beginning with a discussion of the psychoanalytic approach to psychosis, centring on the work of Freud, Klein and the post-Kleinians, it then examines individual, couple and group therapy with psychotic patients. It is aimed at: individual, couple, family, and group psychotherapists; organisational consultants; and trainees in various therapies. It is also a useful resource for nurses, doctors and social workers who work with very disturbed patients.

Bentinck van Schoonheten, A. 2015. Karl Abraham: Life and Work, a Biography. Karnac.

This is the first complete biography of Karl Abraham (1877-1925), a close colleague and friend of Sigmund Freud, and one of the major pioneers of psychoanalysis. Abraham was the first psychoanalyst in Germany, where he brought about a great flourishing of psychoanalysis. His clinical and theoretical contributions became classics that have helped shape the development of psychoanalytic theory. He offered the first psychoanalytic theory of depression, several years before Freud’s ‘Mourning and Melancholia’. He was also supervisor and analyst to Melanie Klein, and he influenced her work profoundly.

Bion, W. R. 1961. Experiences in Groups. Tavistock Publications. (Now Routledge.)

In this pioneering work Bion explores the mentality of groups. He puts forward the hypothesis that a group met for a task will have other unconscious Basic Assumptions – of fight/flight, pairing, or dependence, and that these Basic Assumptions will affect the capacity of the group to function as a work group.

Bion, W. R. 1932. Learning From Experience. Heinemann. (Reprinted by Karnac, 1989.)

Founding his thinking on certain key ideas of Freud and Klein, Bion develops a conception of the emotional encounter involved in learning from experience. To express his new ideas he coins a terminology of alpha-function, alpha- and beta- elements, reverie, container-contained and L, H, K and -K links.

Bion, W. R. 1963. Elements of Psychoanalysis. Heinemann. Reprinted by Karnac, 1989. Find out about translations

In this work Bion searches for elements which might be used to express the theories of psychoanalysis. Among such elements are: projective identification, the interplay between the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, the relation between container and contained. He also devises an instrument for scanning psychoanalytic material – the Grid.

Bion, W. R. 1965. Transformations. Heinemann. Reprinted by Karnac, 1991.

Extending the original work of his two earlier volumes Learning from Experience and Elements of Psychoanalysis, Bion here focuses on the different types of transformation analyst and patient make of their observations and experiences during a psychoanalysis. He distinguishes three types of transformation: rigid motion transformations, projective transformations and transformations in hallucinosis.

Bion, W. R. 1967. Second Thoughts. Heinemann. Reprinted by Karnac, 1987.

This book is both a collection of Bion ‘s papers, largely from the 1950s, which are reprinted in their original form, and, as well, a later Commentary expressing his second thoughts about his own papers. Prominent among the papers are ‘Differentiation of the Psychotic from the Non-Psychotic Personalities’, ‘Attacks on Linking’ and ‘A Theory of Thinking’.

Bion, W. R. 1970. Attention and Interpretation. Tavistock. Reprinted by Karnac, 1988.

In this work Bion focuses on the importance of observation for the understanding of emotional experience in individuals and groups. He investigates the factors that interfere with observation and lead to opacity, and the problems of language that attend its communication.

Bion, W. R. (ed. F. Bion) 1994. Cogitations. Karnac.

Cogitations is a collection of writings representing Bion’s attempts to clarify and evaluate both his own ideas and those of others. Covering a period between 1958 and 1979, this book touches on a range of areas: psychoanalysis and science, mathematics and logic, literature and semantics. Some of the writings contextualise Bion’s theoretical development, showing the doubts and arguments involved in the formation of his ideas; some focus on the more abstract points in his thinking; and others explore topics intended for books that were never written.

Bion, W. R. (ed. F. Bion & C. Mawson) 2014. The Complete Works of W R Bion. Karnac.

Comprising 16 volumes, this edition incorporates many corrections to previously published works and features previously unpublished papers. Includes a general index and editorial introductions to all the works.

Bleandonu, G. 1994. Wilfred Bion: His Life and Works, 1897-1979. Guilford Press. Published in England by Free Association Books, 1994.

Wilfred Bion was one of the most original and important thinkers in psychoanalysis. This is the first full biography and comprehensive explication of his contribution to psychoanalytic theory and practice. Dr Bleandonu navigates Bion’s personal and intellectual explorations, giving clear accounts of his key concepts, including groups, psychotic processes, catastrophic change, abandonment of memory and desire, the mystic, and ultimate truth. Significant reading for anyone with an interest in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, this volume will be valued by professionals and students.

Borossa, J., Bronstein, C. and Pajaczkowska, C. 2005. The New Klein-Lacan Dialogues. Karnac. 

This book provides an exploration of key concepts in the theories of Melanie Klein and Jacques Lacan, two thinkers and clinicians whose influence on psychoanalysis after Freud has been profound and far-reaching. Whilst the centrality of the unconscious is a conviction shared by Klein and Lacan, there are also many differences between their bodies of thought, which this collection examines. Relevant to both theoretical and clinical work, The New Klein-Lacan Dialogues is aimed at psychoanalysts, psychotherapists, mental health professionals, scholars, and all who wish to know more about these two leading figures in psychoanalysis.

Brenman, E. 2006. The Recovery of the Lost Good Object. Karnac. Find out about translations

This collection brings together the hugely influential papers and seminars of Eric Brenman, revealing his impact on the development of psychoanalysis, and illuminating his distinctive voice amongst post-Kleinians. United for the first time in one volume, Brenman’s papers offer a unique insight into the development of his clinical and theoretical thinking. They highlight issues relevant to current debates about psychoanalytic technique, and cover subjects from trauma and borderline pathology, to the psychoanalytical approach to severely deprived patients. This collection is aimed at psychoanalysts and psychotherapists, as well as members of other helping professions interested in the work of Eric Brenman.

Brenman Pick, I. (eds. Davids, F.M. and Shavit, N.) 2018. Authenticity in the Psychoanalytic Encounter: The Work of Irma Brenman Pick. Routledge.

This book brings together Irma Brenman Pick’s original contributions to psychoanalytic technique. Working in the Kleinian tradition, she writes vivid clinical narratives that shed a humane light on the struggles that patients – indeed, all of us – face in recognising the need for others in our lives. Brenman Pick is interested in the infantile roots of mental conflict, and shows a deep understanding of the complex unconscious phantasies alive in the patient’s mind. Through an illuminating focus on authenticity, she explores diverse topics, including adolescence, sexual identity, stealing, concern for the object, destructiveness, creativity, and integration.

Britton, R. S.1998. Belief and Imagination. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

A study of belief and its relation to phantasy, imagination, the Oedipus situation, and subjectivity and objectivity in psychoanalysis and poetic creativity.

Britton, R. S., Feldman, M., and O’Shaughnessy, E. Steiner J. (ed.) 1989. The Oedipus Complex Today: Clinical Implications. Karnac. Find out about translations

With an introduction by Hanna Segal, this book includes Klein’s 1945 paper, ‘The Oedipus Complex in the Light of Early Anxieties’, as well as papers by Ronald Britton, Michael Feldman, and Edna O’Shaughnessy. They all deal with the expression and analysis of aspects of the Oedipus complex in current clinical work, including the way the Oedipus situation structures the analytic situation.

Britton, R. S. 2003. Sex, Death and the Superego: Experiences in Psychoanalysis. Karnac.

This book is a personal reappraisal of psychoanalytic theories in the light of clinical experience, divided into three parts. The first is about sexuality; the second deals with the ego and the super-ego; the third is on narcissism and the narcissistic disorders. These papers achieve depth, clarity and creativity and are a fascinating and informative read.

Britton, R. 2015. Between Mind and Brain: Models of the Mind and Models in the Mind. Karnac.

In this book Britton explores the relationship between mind and brain. He examines various psychoanalytic models of the mind, before discussing the unconscious models that shape the patient’s picture of him-/herself and others. The mind/brain models are mainly drawn from psychoanalytic practice but are supplemented from myths, religion, and literature. Britton also explores developments in adjacent scientific fields, such as quantum biology and evolutionary theory.

Britzman, D. 2015. Melanie Klein: Early Analysis, Play and the Question of Freedom. Springer.

This volume looks at Klein’s work in relation to the field of education, tracing her theories of mental life through to problems of self/other relations. Deborah Britzman makes the case for Klein’s continued relevance to education and pedagogical practice. She analyses Klein’s theory of symbolization, and the shift from concrete thinking to greater freedom of mind. She considers several important questions, including why learning is an emotional situation, and what Klein’s model of the self can offer to theory and practice in contemporary education.

Bronstein, C. (ed.) 2001. Kleinian Theory: a contemporary perspective. Whurr Publishers.

This book consists of 13 chapters, each based on a lecture given as part of the Masters course in the Psychoanalysis Unit of University College London. It gives a picture of Kleinian thought today as seen by a number of psychoanalysts and covers such subjects as phantasy, the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, envy, projective identification, symbolization and transference. Find out about translations

Bronstein, C. and O’Shaughnessy, E. (eds.) 2017. Attacks on Linking Revisited: A New Look at Bion’s Classic Work. Karnac.

This book comprises further contributions inspired by Wilfred Bion’s paper, ‘Attacks on Linking’ (1959), written by a distinguished group of scholars who have focused on different aspects of his propositions. Chapters are by the following contributors: Christine Anzieu-Premmereur, Rachel B. Blass, Ronald Britton, Catalina Bronstein, Elias Mallet da Rocha Barros, Elizabeth Lima da Rocha Barros, Antonino Ferro, Jay Greenberg, Monica Horovitz, Clara Nemas, Edna O’Shaughnessy, and Rudi Vermote.

Budd, S. and Rusbridger, R. (eds.) 2005. Introducing Psychoanalysis: Essential Themes and Topics. Routledge.

Introducing Psychoanalysis brings together leading analysts to explain what psychoanalysis is and how it has developed, placing analytic ideas in their social and intellectual context. Based on lectures given at the British Psychoanalytic Society, the contributions capture the diversity of opinion among analysts and provide an engaging presentation of key concepts. Frequently misunderstood subjects are demystified and, bringing a wealth of clinical experience, the contributors explain crucial ideas clearly. Clinical examples throughout provide a valuable insight into the application of psychoanalytic ideas.


Caper, R. 1988. Immaterial Facts. Jason Aronson. Republished by Routledge, 2000.

Caper shows how Melanie Klein’s theory and practice developed from the work of Freud, remaining faithful to his vision but enlarging his ideas, particularly, initially, through the analysis of children.

Caper, R. 1999. A Mind of One’s Own. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This collection of papers from one of the leading Kleinian authors in the United States centres on the idea contained in the title and leads the author to explore many of the central Kleinian concepts. He writes on internal objects, on enactment and on containment, in particular exploring the various meanings and consequences of projective identification.


Drossart, F. (2016) Une Théorie Kleinienne de la Destructivité et de la Créativité. Editions du Hublot.

This work attempts to show how Kleinian theory can enlighten us on the phenomena of destructiveness and creativity, with reference both to the psychopathology of the child and the adolescent, and to certain areas of the fine arts, cinema and literature.


Feldman, M. 2009. Doubt, Conviction and the Analytic Process: Selected Papers of Michael Feldman. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out more about this book

Psychoanalyst Michael Feldman explores the dynamics of the interaction between patient and analyst, and conveys how they play out within a session. He develops some of the implications of the pioneering work of Klein, Rosenfeld and Joseph. His essays throw light on fascinating questions of technique, and reflect upon fundamental elements in psychoanalytic work. The book is aimed at psychoanalysts, as well as readers with a general interest in the psychoanalytic relationship.

Frank, C. 2009. Melanie Klein in Berlin: Her first psychoanalyses of children. Routledge.

In this book Claudia Frank discusses how Klein began to develop her psychoanalysis of children. Based on published and unpublished material from the Klein archive, she demonstrates how Klein enriched the concept of negative transference, which laid the basis for her innovations in technique and theory. She uncovers the influence this had on Klein’s theories of the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, and on her understanding of psychotic anxieties. This is the first text to make extensive use of Klein’s unpublished papers, clinical notes, diaries and manuscripts.


Garvey, P. and Long, K. 2018. The Klein Tradition: Lines of Development – Evolution of Theory and Practice over the Decades. Routledge.

Klein’s explorations of the world of the infant, and of the interactions between the infant’s internal world and the mothering the infant receives, are widely accepted as providing an invaluable way of understanding mental development. Klein’s insights shed light on persecuted states, guilt, and the drive to create and repair. They also provide clinicians with a theory of technique. Further development of her ideas has led to greater understanding of how change occurs in psychoanalysis, and has inspired a large literature with a particular focus on technique.

Geissmann, P. and Geissman, C. 1997. A History of Child Psychoanalysis. Routledge.

Child analysis has always posed challenges for practitioners and provoked clashes among its advocates. Since Freud’s early discoveries, child psychoanalysts have tried to comprehend and convey the psychosomatic problems of childhood, and to adapt therapeutic approaches to all stages of development, from baby to child, adolescent and young adult. The Geissmanns trace the history of child analysis and assess the contributions made by its pioneers. Now practised widely, child psychoanalysis allows for deep insight into children’s psychological development, and brings therapeutic benefits to both child and family.

Grinberg, L., Sor, D. and Bianchedi, T. 1957. Introduction to the work of Bion. Clunie Press. New Edition, Karnac, 1992.

Wilfred Bion developed complex hypotheses which aimed to place psychoanalytic theory and practice in a new dimension. This book is an introduction to his ideas, and an appreciation of the depth and strength of his work.

Grosskurth, P. 1986. Melanie Klein. Hodder and Stoughton.

A highly detailed biography of Klein.

Grotstein, J. S. (ed.) 1988. Do I Dare Disturb the Universe? A Memorial to W. R. Bion. Caesura Press. Reprinted Karnac, 1988.

All the contributors to this compilation knew Bion and were influenced by his work. They include: Herbert Rosenfeld, Frances Tustin, André Green, Donald Meltzer and Hanna Segal. Bion was one of the major figures in psychoanalysis. He introduced into psychoanalytic metapsychology Plato’s forms and Kant’s categories, and produced original mathematical, group and religious theories.


Hinshelwood, R. D. 1994. Clinical Klein. Free Association Books. Download a review of Clinical Klein.

This book shows the emergence of Kleinian concepts from clinical practice, making a link with Hinshelwood’s A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought.

Hinshelwood, R. D. 1989. A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought. Free Association Books.

Hinshelwood’s book comprises 13 entries on the core Kleinian concepts, alongside numerous entries on subsidiary concepts and on the main post-Kleinian writers – Bion, Segal, Rosenfeld, Joseph and Meltzer.

Hinshelwood, R.D. and Fortuna, T. 2017. Melanie Klein: The Basics. Routledge.

This book provides an accessible and concise introduction to the life and work of Melanie Klein, whose discoveries advanced those of Freud and others, and deepened our insight into the unconscious. The book will appeal to readers from any field seeking a lucid introduction to Klein, as well as researchers and professionals working within psychoanalysis.


Joseph, B. Feldman M, and Spillius E. Bott (eds.) 1989. Psychic Equilibrium and Psychic Change: Selected Papers of Betty Joseph. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This collection of Betty Joseph’s most important papers examines the development of her thought and shows how her theory and practice is concerned with the detailed, sensitive scrutiny of the therapeutic process itself. Fundamental and controversial topics explored and discussed include projective identification, transference and countertransference, unconscious phantasy, and Kleinian views on envy and the death instinct.


Karnac, H. 2009. Melanie Klein and Beyond: A Bibliography of Primary and Secondary Sources. Karnac Books.  [15% discount available if ordered via www.karnacbooks.com – quote discount code: MKT2014] 

This full bibliography of both Klein and references to her work in subsequent psychoanalytic literature (to 2009), is of immense usefulness to clinicians, students, and researchers.

King, P. and Steiner, R. (eds.) 1992. The Freud/Klein Controversies 1941-45. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

Following the arrival in England in 1938 of Sigmund and Anna Freud, and some of their Viennese colleagues, and then Freud’s death in 1939, Klein’s radical theories were the subject of controversy and fierce debate within the British Psychoanalytical Society. In the midst of personal animosities and political manoeuvrings, important intellectual contributions were made, and practical decisions taken, which were to affect the development of psychoanalysis up to the present day. The Freud-Klein Controversies 1941-45 offers the first complete record of the debate, including all relevant papers and correspondence, based on previously closed archive material.

Klein, M., Heimann, P., Isaacs, S. and Rivière, J. Developments in Psychoanalysis. 1952 (also in Karnac Maresfield Reprints, 1985.)

This book is a survey of the developments in psychoanalytical knowledge resulting from Klein’s work (published while she was still alive). Her main discoveries relate to the earliest phases of mental life. She recognized that unconscious feeling (‘phantasy’) is the source of all human actions and reactions. Although Freud first enunciated this truth, he left many problems unsolved. These were brought nearer to a solution through Klein’s awareness of the significance of unconscious phantasy.

Kristeva, J. 2002. Melanie Klein. Translated by Ross Guberman. Columbia University Press.

To the psychoanalyst, philosopher, and linguist Julia Kristeva, Melanie Klein was the most original innovator in psychoanalysis. In this biography, Kristeva considers Klein’s life and intellectual development, weaving a narrative that covers the history of psychoanalysis and illuminates Kristeva’s own life and work. Kristeva proposes that Klein’s “break” with Freud was really an attempt to complete his theory of the unconscious. Kristeva addresses Klein’s numerous critics, and bridges the gulf between the clinical and theoretical worlds of psychoanalysis.


Likierman, M. 2001. Melanie Klein: her work in context. Continuum.

In this critical yet sympathetic book Maria Likierman of the Tavistock clinic assesses Klein’s work, life and lasting influence.

Lisman-Pieczanski, N., Pieczanski, A (eds). 2015. The Pioneers of Psychoanalysis in South America. The New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. 

The book comprises a collection of some of the most relevant papers written by the pioneers as well as historical and conceptual essays on each of them by contemporary scholars. The collection contains several papers never before published in English.

Lopez-Corvo, R. 2005. Dictionary of the Work of W.R. Bion. Karnac.

This book is an important addition to existing dictionaries of psychoanalytic ideas. A brief history of Bion’s life is offered in the introduction, but the aim of this volume is to serve as a comprehensive guide to the ideas explored by Bion throughout his career. It is an essential companion to Bion’s work, and brings clarity and understanding to his fascinating concepts.

Lopez-Corvo, R. 2006. Wild Thoughts Searching for a Thinker: a clinical application of W.R. Bion’s Theories. Karnac.

This is essentially a clinical book, which explores the connections between some of Bion’s novel theories and those of Freud, Klein and Winnicott. It also represents a substantial endeavour, both to make Bion’s ideas more accessible to readers, and to examine his theories at work during the here and now of the analytic session.

Lucas, R. 2009. The Psychotic Wavelength – A Psychoanalytic Perspective for Psychiatry.Routledge.

Richard Lucas provides a psychoanalytical framework for clinicians to use in general psychiatric practice, and discusses how psychoanalytic ideas can be of great value in the treatment of seriously disturbed patients with psychoses. The book is rich with illuminating clinical vignettes, case examples and theoretical and clinical discussions. It is an essential resource for anyone working with disturbed psychiatric patients, particularly junior psychiatrists and nurses. It will also be useful for more experienced psychiatrists and psychoanalysts.


Mawson, C. (ed.) 2010. Bion Today. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out more about this book

Bion Today explores the uses of Bion’s work in contemporary settings; how his ideas have been applied at the level of the individual, the group and the organisation; and the phenomena  made more comprehensible through the lens of his concepts. The book also sets out several analysts’ subsequent developments of Bion’s thought. It is a valuable resource for psychoanalysts, psychotherapists and the interested general reader.

Meltzer, D. 1967. The Psychoanalytical Process. Heinemann.

Based mainly on child analytic work this book describes Donald Meltzer’s supervisory and clinical methodology. Intended for practitioners, it concentrates on the establishment and maintenance of the analytic setting.

Meltzer, D. 1973. Sexual States of Mind. Clunie Press.

This book offers both a history and a revision of psychoanalytic theories of psychosexual development. It investigates the metapsychology of perversions, addictions, fetishism and regressive illness. The frame of reference interrelates adult and infantile states of mind and their implications for character development. It includes papers on ‘Terror, Persecution and Dread’ and formulates a distinction between groups and gangs.

Meltzer, D. 1978. The Kleinian Development. Clunie Press.

This volume comprises three sets of lectures, each based on Freud, Klein and Bion respectively. It focuses on a particular line of development of method and theory, in successive models of the mind.

Menzies Lyth, I. 1988. Containing Anxiety in Institutions: Selected Essays. Free Association Books.

Isabel Menzies Lyth expounds her theory of social structures as forms of defence; ways of avoiding experiences of anxiety, guilt and doubt. A psychoanalyst in the tradition of Klein and Bion, these writings span more than thirty years of research. In one significant paper, she argues that the organisation of the nursing profession has failed to contain the high levels of anxiety and stress that nurses experience, instead focusing on practical measures to enhance recruitment and stem job wastage. This is a controversial collection, which makes available to a wider public an important part of the research tradition of the Tavistock.

Mitchell, J. 1986. The Selected Melanie Klein. Penguin Books.

Papers selected and introduced by Juliet Mitchell, this book includes the version of ‘Envy and Gratitude’ originally given verbally by Melanie Klein at the 1955 International Congress of Psychoanalysis.

Money-Kyrle, R. 1978. The Collected Papers of Roger Money-Kyrle. Clunie Press.

This volume collects Money-Kyrle’s papers written between 1927 and 1978. It includes his important contributions on ‘Cognitive Development’, ‘Fear of Insanity’ and ‘The Aims of Psycho-Analysis’.


O’Shaughnessy, E. and Rusbridger, R. (ed). 2014. Inquiries in Psychoanalysis: Collected papers of Edna O’Shaughnessy. Routledge.

All the highly influential writings of Edna O’Shaughnessy demonstrate her engagement with the nature of psychic reality and subjectivity, and the psychic limits of endurance and reparation. This selection of papers makes clear O’Shaughnessy’s important contributions to theories about personality, the superego, psychic refuges and the Oedipus complex, among others. A record of clinical work and thinking over sixty years of psychoanalytic practice, this will be valuable for psychoanalysts, psychotherapists and students.


Petot, J. 1990. Melanie Klein: v.1: First Discoveries and First systems 1919-1932. Translated by C. Trollope. International Universities Press.

An English translation of a thoughtful French perspective on the development of Klein’s thought in the first part of her psychoanalytic career.

Petot, J. 1991. Melanie Klein: v.2: The Ego and the Good Object 1932-1960. Translated by C. Trollope. International Universities Press.

An English translation of Melanie Klein: le moi et le bon objet 1932-1960 (Dunod, Paris, 1982), the second of two volumes by Petot. Melanie Klein’s most original ideas came to fruition during the later part of her life, and resulted in significant developments of her earlier theoretical formulations. Petot traces several of her most important theories through this period.


Quinodoz, J-M. 2014. Melanie Klein and Marcelle Spira: Their Correspondence and Context. Forward by Ron Britton. Routledge.  

Jean-Michel Quinodoz brings together these historically important letters. This rare collection of their correspondence is a valuable contribution to the history of psychoanalysis and will be essential reading for psychoanalysts, trainee psychoanalysts and lay readers with an interest in the work of Klein and Spira. 


Racker, H. 1968. Transference and Countertransference. Hogarth Press and The Institute of Psychoanalysis.

This book on psychoanalytic technique by the late Argentinian analyst (first published in Spanish in 1960) deals with the use of the countertransference as a tool for understanding the mental processes of the patient (especially his transference reactions).

Rey, J. H. 1994. Universals of Psychoanalysis in the Treatment of Psychotic and Borderline States. Free Association Books.

Henri Rey’s work with psychotic, borderline and neurotic patients both in psychoanalytic practice and at the Maudsley Hospital is vividly described. This has led to the description of important mental mechanisms which help us to address basic clinical problems.

Riesenberg-Malcolm, R. 1999. On Bearing Unbearable States of Mind. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This book describes the analyst’s taking in and effective interpretation of the extremely painful thoughts and feelings of very disturbed patients, showing through detailed clinical examples how intolerably painful states of mind can be used as a basis for insight and psychic change in the patient.

Rivière, J. Hughes, A. (ed.) 1991. The Inner World and Joan Rivière: Collected Papers, 1920-1958. Karnac. Find out about translations.

This book shows the importance of Rivière’s work, not only as a translator of Freud and close colleague of Melanie Klein, but also as an original analytic thinker in her own right.

Rosenfeld, H. A. 1964. Psychotic States. Hogarth Press.

Rosenfeld (1910-1986) makes a powerful case for the intelligibility of psychotic symptoms and the potential benefits of their treatment by psychoanalytic means.

Rosenfeld, H. A. 1987. Impasse and Interpretation: Therapeutic and Anti-Therapeutic Factors in the Psychoanalytic Treatment of Psychotic, Borderline, and Neurotic Patients. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations

After describing the facts in the analytic situation that can lead to impasses, Rosenfeld shows how a detailed understanding of narcissism and projective identification in the analytic process can undo them.

Roth, P., and Lemma, A. (eds.) 1999. Envy and Gratitude Revisited. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

These stimulating essays are evidence that, decades after its publication, Melanie Klein’s Envy and Gratitude is still a rich source of psychoanalytic inspiration. Sixteen analysts, representing a wide range of psychoanalytic thinking, provide new insights and highlight current developments of Klein’s concepts. The clinical and literary material is engaging, illustrating both the effect of theory on practice, and the influence of practice on theoretical development.

Rustin, M. et al. 1997. Psychotic States in Children. Karnac.

This book, from the Tavistock Clinic Series, describes significant developments in the understanding and treatment of children and adolescents suffering from psychotic disturbance. The papers focus largely on children troubled in their behaviour, relationships, and communication. Each chapter contains a clinical description of a child emerging from a psychotic state, creating a very useful collection of case histories.

Rustin, M. and Quagliata, E. 2000. Assessment in Child Psychotherapy. Karnac.

This book outlines an approach to children and young people who might be helped by psychotherapy. Attention is paid to factors within the child’s personality, strengths and impediments in the developmental process, and the family and wider social context. The authors address various clinical methods and problems, and discuss: work with very young children and their parents, severe deprivation, family breakdown, developmental delay, and serious psychological illnesses. The book spans a range of thinking about how best to reach children with severe emotional and behavioural difficulties.

Rustin, M. and Bradley, J. 2008. Work Discussion: Learning from Reflective Practice in Work with Children and Families. Karnac.

Work Discussion brings together close observations of, and personal responses to, the minutiae of the work setting and its dynamics. The descriptions offered in this book, both by students and experienced staff, demonstrate how crucial is the serious, ongoing discussion of psychotherapeutic work among its practitioners. This will be of great interest to practitioners working with children and families.

Rustin, M. and Rustin, M. 2016. Reading Klein. Routledge.

Reading Klein introduces Klein’s work in a highly accessible style, providing substantial extracts from her writings and commentaries on them by the authors. The book provides a lucid account of her published writing, presented by two distinguished analysts who know her theory well and have made creative use of it in their own work. Its aim is to show how substantial her contribution to psychoanalysis was, and how indispensable her ideas remain.


Schafer, R. (ed.) 1997. The Contemporary Kleinians of London. International Universities Press.

Schafer describes developments in current Kleinian thought, comparing and contrasting it with current ego-psychological approaches in the United States. He illustrates his views by a comprehensive selection of ‘post-Kleinian’ papers.

Schoenhals, H. (ed.), with Taylor, D. and Applebaum, A. 1994. ‘Contemporary Kleinian Psychoanalysis‘. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, Vol. 14, No. 3.

This monograph contains general overviews of Kleinian analysis together with papers on identification, defensive systems, technique, projective identification, perversion as defence, and the process of psychoanalytic supervision.

Segal, H. 1964. Introduction to the Work of Melanie Klein. Hogarth. Reprinted Karnac, 1988.

Based on lectures at The Institute of Psychoanalysis, Segal gives a very clear introduction to Klein’s basic ideas, with plentiful clinical illustration.

Segal, H. 1979. Klein. Fontana. Reprinted Karnac, 1989.

A biography focusing on the development of Klein’s ideas, particularly unconscious phantasy, the role of anxiety, the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, the death instinct and envy.

Segal, H. 1981. The Work of Hanna Segal: A Kleinian Approach to Clinical Practice. Jason Aronson. Free Associations Books, 1986.

This book is a selection of many of Hanna Segal’s most important papers, including ‘Notes on Symbol Formation’, ‘A Psychoanalytic Approach to Aesthetics’, and ‘The Function of Dreams’.

Segal, H. 1990. Dream, Phantasy and Art. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

Hanna Segal reworks her ideas on symbolism, aesthetics and dreams, and brings them vividly alive in a new integration of theory and clinical examples, which links them afresh to the work of Freud, Klein and Bion.

Segal, H. Steiner J. (ed.) 1997. Psychoanalysis, Literature and War: Papers 1972-1995. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This collection of Hanna Segal’s papers contains: ‘The Clinical Usefulness of the Death Instinct’ and ‘Phantasy and Reality’ as well as papers on Conrad, Rushdie and the Gulf War.

Segal H. Nicola Abel-Hirsch (ed.) 2007. Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow presents a selection of papers written by Hanna Segal. The collection introduces the reader to a wide spectrum of insights into psychoanalysis, ranging from current thoughts on the nature of dreaming to new ideas about vision and disillusionment. Her long interest in factors affecting war is pursued in her examination of the psychotic factors, symbolic significance and psychological impact of the events of September 11th, and the ensuing war on Iraq.

Sherwin-White, S. (2017) Melanie Klein Revisited: Pioneer and Revolutionary in the Psychoanalysis of Young Children. Karnac.

While much has been written about the development of Klein’s work, comparatively little has been written about the importance of her clinical work with very young children. Sherwin-White makes clear the revolutionary character of Klein’s work with this age group, and emphasises her pioneering recognition of the importance of mother-infant relations. The book addresses Klein’s theories on key subjects, such as attachment, separation and loss, alongside re-examining her work with pre-latency children.

Sodré, I. and Roth, P. (ed.). 2015. Imaginary Existences; A Psychoanalytic Exploration of Phantasy, Fiction, Dreams and Daydreams. Routledge.

This book interweaves psychoanalytic scholarship and clinical experience with insights derived from close readings of literature. It illuminates the imaginative possibilities present in the analytic encounter and in the act of reading. Sodré explores creativity and the impediments to creative thinking: defences against dependency, guilt and loss, and the mis-use of imagination to deny reality. In her studies of Eliot, Cervantes, Flaubert, Mann, Proust and Shakespeare, Sodré examines the way writers create characters who mis-use their imaginations, while her clinical studies expand on this theme. This book is aimed at psychoanalysts, psychologists, psychotherapists, literary critics, and those interested in literature.

Spillius, E. B. Roth, P. and Rusbridger, R. (eds.) 2007. Encounters with Melanie Klein, Selected Papers of Elizabeth Spillius. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Download a review of Encounters with Melanie Klein.

In Encounters with Melanie Klein: Selected Papers of Elizabeth Spillius the author argues that her two professions – anthropology and psychoanalysis – have much in common, and explains how her background in anthropology led her to a profound involvement in psychoanalysis. Spillius describes what she regards as the important features of Kleinian thought and discusses the research she carried out in Klein’s archive. Spillius’s own clinical ideas make up the last part of the book, with papers on envy, phantasy, technique, the negative therapeutic reaction, and otherness.

Spillius, E. B. (ed.) 1988. Melanie Klein Today 1. Mainly Theory. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations.

Spillius, E. B. (ed.) 1988. Melanie Klein Today 2. Mainly Practice. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations.

The first volume discusses Kleinian theories of psychosis, projective identification, thinking, and pathological organisations, and illustrates their use in recent Kleinian papers. The second volume discusses general Kleinian developments in technique and illustrates them in papers concerning child and adult analysis; the application of Kleinian ideas in other fields is also discussed and illustrated.

Spillius, E., Milton, J., Garvey, P., Couve, C., and Steiner, D. 2011. The New Dictionary of Kleinian Thought. Routledge. Find out more about this book

This constitutes a comprehensive, accessible exposition of Kleinian ideas. Offering a thorough update of R.D. Hinshelwood’s acclaimed original Dictionary, this book draws on the many developments in Kleinian theory and practice since that work’s publication. It addresses twelve major themes of Kleinian thinking, in essays organised both historically and thematically. Entries are listed alphabetically, allowing the reader to look up particular subjects and delve as lightly or deeply as required. This will be essential reading for psychoanalysts, psychotherapists, as well as all those interested in Kleinian thought.

Spillius, E. and O’Shaughessy, E. (eds.) 2011. Projective Identification: The Fate of a Concept. Routledge. Find out more about this book

Two major Kleinian analysts explore the development of the concept of projective identification. They describe Klein’s views on it, and consider how the concept has been described, accepted, rejected and modified by analysts from different traditions and places. The authors believe that the widespread interest in this particular concept has occurred in part because it is a universal aspect of human interaction. This book will appeal to psychoanalysts and psychotherapists who use the ideas of transference and counter-transference, and to academics seeking insight into this key concept.

Spillius, E. 2015. Journeys in Psychoanalysis: The Selected Works of Elizabeth Spillius. Routledge.

This collection traces the arc of Elizabeth Spillius’ six-decade career, from anthropology and entering psychoanalysis ‘almost by accident’, to becoming one of the leading scholars of Melanie Klein. The papers collected here are a testament to the intellect and compassion that Spillius brought to her work, whilst also mapping the development of Klein’s thought and drawing on the writer’s own experiences with patients. Each is written so as to clearly convey difficult concepts to psychoanalysts, psychotherapists and the general reader.

Steiner, J. 1993. Psychic Retreats: Pathological Organisations in Psychotic, Neurotic and Borderline Patients. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Download a review of Psychic Retreats.

Using new developments in Kleinian theory, John Steiner examines the way object relationships and defences can be organised into complex structures which lead to a personality and an analysis becoming rigid and stuck, presenting a challenge to the analyst and to analytic theory.

Steiner, J. (ed.) 2008. Rosenfeld in Retrospect. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations

How has Herbert Rosenfeld contributed to psychoanalysis today? Rosenfeld in Retrospect presents original psychoanalytic papers showing Rosenfeld’s influence on psychoanalysis, and reproduces some of his most important clinical writings.

Steiner, J. 2011. Seeing and Being Seen: Emerging from a Psychic Retreat. Routledge. Find out more about this book

In this book, John Steiner analyses the anxieties and challenges confronted by patients emerging from the protection of psychic retreats. Steiner explores various phenomena, including shame, helplessness, dominance, mourning, and repetition compulsion. He introduces fresh ideas with roots in the theories of Freud, Klein, Rosenfeld, and Bion, among others. This book will be of interest to psychoanalysts, clinical psychotherapists, and all those with an interest in psychoanalysis.

Steiner, J. 2017. Lectures on Technique by Melanie Klein: Edited with Critical Review by John Steiner. Routledge.

This book is based on six lectures given by Melanie Klein in 1936 to students at the British Psychoanalytical Society. They were discovered in the Klein archive and have never before been published. Steiner explores Kleinian technique and how it has evolved, and demonstrates the importance of the lectures in understanding, and making use of, Klein’s work. Featuring previously unpublished material, this book provides a new and significant contribution to understanding the Kleinian paradigm, and is of great value to psychoanalysts and psychotherapists interested in Klein’s work.

Symington, J. (ed.) 2000. Imprisoned Pain and its Transformation: A Festschrift for H Sydney Klein. Karnac.

This book is a festschrift for Sydney Klein, an eminent British Psychoanalyst whose work on such topics as children, groups, psychosomatic illness, manic states, and autistic phenomena, is known worldwide. His thinking is influenced by the work of Klein and Bion, as well as by writers such as Frances Tustin. Here, clinicians from a range of backgrounds reflect on his work, in particular the idea of analysis as a means to understand and transform psychic pain. The chapters range from theoretical papers to clinical discussions, on topics including: the anal organization of the instincts, projective identification, the envious superego, work with borderline children, and autism.

Symington, J. and N. 1996. The Clinical Thinking of Wilfred Bion. Part of the Makers of Modern Psychotherapy series. Routledge.

Psychoanalysis seen through Bion’s eyes is a radical departure from all conceptualizations which preceded him. In this major contribution, Joan and Neville Symington concentrate on understanding Bion’s concepts in relation to clinical practice, but it is also accessible to readers wishing to understand the main contours of Bion’s thinking. Each chapter examines an important theme in his thinking and describes its role in his model of the mind. Winner of the 2013 Sigourney Award.


Touze, J. (ed.) 2017. Meltzer in Paris. Harris Meltzer Trust.

This book focuses on work with children undertaken by the GERPEN (Groupe d’Études et de Recherches Psychoanalytiques pour le développement de l’Enfant et du Nourisson) in Caen and Paris. It is one of a series that record Donald Meltzer’s clinical seminars and supervisions, which were conducted in various countries over many years. Meltzer believed that clinical supervision was the only way to teach psychoanalytic practice, and he treated supervision as an art form. This book offers a valuable teaching model for practitioners, as well as demonstrating Meltzer’s wealth of insight into character development and analytic technique.


Waddell, M. 1998. Inside Lives: Psychoanalysis and the Growth of Personality. Duckworth.

The aim of Inside Lives is to bring psychoanalytic theory to life, and make it accessible to a far wider range of readers than would normally be familiar with such an approach. In the simplest terms it tells the most complex of stories: the story of human mental development from infancy to old age. Waddell traces life’s major developmental phases, lucidly exploring the aspects of experience that promote or impede emotional growth.

Waddell, M. 2018. On Adolescence: Inside Stories. Routledge.

The problematic, transitional world between childhood and adulthood is fraught, these days, with the pressures of modern culture and technology. In this book, Waddell explores the inner lives of young people, illuminating what can go wrong and how difficulties can be tackled. She addresses crises of identity, gender, loss, self-harm, bullying, depression, anger, suicidal impulses, anxiety, among others. This book is intended for all readers interested in adolescence and adolescent states of mind.

Weiß, H. and Rumpeltes, R. (eds.) 2017. Hanna Segal Revisited. Brandes & Apsel.

This book celebrates the huge contribution to post-Kleinian psychoanalytic theory and clinical work made by the late Hanna Segal. An international group of influential psychoanalysts, including Heinz Weiß, John Steiner, David Bell and Claudia Frank, reflect upon some of her key ideas, and their continuing relevance to psychoanalytic thought and practice today.

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