Reparation is integral to the depressive position. It is grounded in love and respect for the separate other, and involves facing loss and damage and making efforts to repair and restore one's objects. Effective reparation involves a type and degree of guilt that is not so overwhelming as to induce despair, but can engender hope and concern. Reparation itself provides a way out of despair, by promoting virtuous cycles rather than vicious cycles in states of depression. It is a significant root in all creative activity and indeed a central part of development.
For full references visit the 'Melanie Klein's publications' section.
1922 Klein, M. 'Inhibitions and difficulties at puberty'.
1927 Klein, M. 'Criminal tendencies in normal children'.
1929 Klein, M. 'Infantile anxiety situations reflected in a work of art and in the creative impulse'.
1940 Klein, M. 'Mourning and its relation to manic-depressive states'.
1945 Klein, M. 'The Oedipus complex in the light of early anxieties'.
The concept is explored in this series of three papers, which were presented during the seminar ‘Facing the Pain of Crimes and their Reparation’ at the 48th International Psychoanalytical Association congress, Prague, in 2013.
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