Skip to navigation

melanie klein trust

Melanie Klein Trust

Furthering the psychoanalytic theory
and technique of Melanie Klein

Kleinian books

A selection of publications on Kleinian theory and technique and about Melanie Klein's life, listed alphabetically by author. The list is not exhaustive and will be updated as new books are published.


Abram, J. and Hinshelwood, R. (2018) The Clinical Paradigms of Melanie Klein and Donald Winnicott: Comparisons and Dialogues. Routledge.

Aguayo, J. and Malin, B. (eds.) 2013. Wilfred Bion: Los Angeles Seminars and Supervision. Karnac.

Aguayo, J., Pistiner de Cortinas, L. and Regeczkey, A. (eds.) 2017. Bion in Buenos Aires: Seminars, Case Presentation and Supervision. Karnac.

Anderson, R. (ed.) 1991. Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge Download a review of Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion.

Anderson, R. and Dartington, A. (eds.) 1988. Facing it Out: Clinical Perspectives on Adolescence. Duckworth.

Alvarez, A. and Edwards, J. 2001. Being Alive: Building on the work of Anne Alvarez. Routledge.

Alvarez, A., 1992. Live Company - Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy With Autistic, Borderline, Deprived and Abused Children. Routledge.


Bell, D. (ed.) 1997. Reason and Passion: A Celebration of the Work of Hanna Segal. Duckworth.

Bell, D. (ed.) 1999. Culture and Psychoanalysis: A Kleinian Perspective. Duckworth.

These two volumes, though available separately, together constitute a celebration of the work of Hanna Segal. The first volume comprises clinical and theoretical papers from clinicians of international repute, while the second volume brings together contributions from leading academics and psychoanalysts who explore the relationship between psychoanalysis, literature, philosophy and social theory.

Bell, D (ed.) and Novakovic, A. 2013. Living on the Border: Psychotic Processes in the Individual, the Couple, and the Group. Karnac. Find out more about this book

Bentinck van Schoonheten, A. 2015. Karl Abraham: Life and Work, a Biography. Karnac.

Bion, W. R. 1961. Experiences in Groups. Tavistock Publications. (Now Routledge.)

In this pioneering work Bion explores the mentality of groups. He puts forward the hypothesis that a group met for a task will have other unconscious Basic Assumptions - of fight/flight, pairing, or dependence, and that these Basic Assumptions will affect the capacity of the group to function as a work group.

Bion, W. R. 1932. Learning From Experience. Heinemann. (Reprinted by Karnac, 1989.)

Founding his thinking on certain key ideas of Freud and Klein, Bion develops a conception of the emotional encounter involved in learning from experience. To express his new ideas he coins a terminology of alpha-function, alpha- and beta- elements, reverie, container-contained and L, H, K and -K links.

Bion, W. R. 1963. Elements of Psychoanalysis. Heinemann. Reprinted by Karnac, 1989. Find out about translations

In this work Bion searches for elements which might be used to express the theories of psychoanalysis. Among such elements are: projective identification, the interplay between the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, the relation between container and contained. He also devises an instrument for scanning psychoanalytic material - the Grid.

Bion, W. R. 1965. Transformations. Heinemann. Reprinted by Karnac, 1991.

Extending the original work of his two earlier volumes Learning from Experience and Elements of Psychoanalysis, Bion here focuses on the different types of transformation analyst and patient make of their observations and experiences during a psychoanalysis. He distinguishes three types of transformation: rigid motion transformations, projective transformations and transformations in hallucinosis.

Bion, W. R. 1967. Second Thoughts. Heinemann. Reprinted by Karnac, 1987.

This book is both a collection of Bion 's papers, largely from the 1950s, which are reprinted in their original form, and, as well, a later Commentary expressing his second thoughts about his own papers. Prominent among the papers are 'Differentiation of the Psychotic from the Non-Psychotic Personalities', 'Attacks on Linking' and 'A Theory of Thinking'.

Bion, W. R. 1970. Attention and Interpretation. Tavistock. Reprinted by Karnac, 1988.

In this work Bion focuses on the importance of observation for the understanding of emotional experience in individuals and groups. He investigates the factors that interfere with observation and lead to opacity, and the problems of language that attend its communication.

Bion, W. R. (ed. F. Bion) 1994. Cogitations. Karnac.

Bion, W. R. (ed. F. Bion & C. Mawson) 2014. The Complete Works of W R Bion. Karnac.

Comprising 16 volumes, this edition incorporates many corrections to previously published works and features previously unpublished papers. Includes a general index and editorial introductions to all the works.

Bleandonu, G. 1994. Wilfred Bion: His Life and Works, 1897-1979. Guilford Press. Published in England by Free Association Books, 1994.

Borossa, J., Bronstein, C. and Pajaczkowska, C. 2005. The New Klein-Lacan Dialogues. Karnac. 

Brenman, E. 2006. The Recovery of the Lost Good Object. Karnac. Find out about translations

Brenman Pick, I. (eds. Davids, F.M. and Shavit, N.) 2018. Authenticity in the Psychoanalytic Encounter: The Work of Irma Brenman Pick. Routledge.

Britton, R. S.1998. Belief and Imagination. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

A study of belief and its relation to phantasy, imagination, the Oedipus situation, and subjectivity and objectivity in psychoanalysis and poetic creativity.

Britton, R. S., Feldman, M., and O'Shaughnessy, E. Steiner J. (ed.) 1989. The Oedipus Complex Today: Clinical Implications. Karnac. Find out about translations

With an introduction by Hanna Segal, this book includes Klein's 1945 paper, 'The Oedipus Complex in the Light of Early Anxieties' and papers by Ronald Britton, Michael Feldman, and Edna O'Shaughnessy, all dealing with the expression and analysis of aspects of the Oedipus complex in current clinical work, including the way the Oedipus situation structures the analytic situation.

Britton, R. S. 2003. Sex, Death and the Superego: Experiences in Psychoanalysis. Karnac.

This book is a personal reappraisal of psychoanalytic theories in the light of clinical experience, divided into three parts. The first is about sexuality; the second deals with the ego and the super-ego; the third is on narcissism and the narcissistic disorders. These papers achieve depth, clarity and creativity and are a fascinating and informative read.

Britton, R. 2015. Between Mind and Brain: Models of the Mind and Models in the Mind. Karnac.

Britzman, D. 2015. Melanie Klein: Early Analysis, Play and the Question of Freedom. Springer.

Bronstein, C. (ed.) 2001. Kleinian Theory: a contemporary perspective. Whurr Publishers.

This book consists of 13 chapters each based on a lecture given as part of the Master course at the Psychoanalysis Unit of University College London. It gives a picture of Kleinian thought today as seen by a number of psychoanalysts and covers such subjects as phantasy, the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, envy, projective identification, symbolization and transference. Find out about translations

Bronstein, C. and O'Shaughnessy, E. (eds.) 2017. Attacks on Linking Revisited: A New Look at Bion’s Classic Work. Karnac.

Budd, S. and Rusbridger, R. (eds.) 2005. Introducing Psychoanalysis: Essential Themes and Topics. Routledge.


Caper, R. 1988. Immaterial Facts. Jason Aronson. Republished by Routledge, 2000.

Caper shows how Melanie Klein's theory and practice developed from the work of Freud, remaining faithful to his vision but enlarging his ideas, particularly, initially, through the analysis of children.

Caper, R. 1999. A Mind of One’s Own. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This collection of papers from one of the leading Kleinian authors in the United States centres on the idea contained in the title and leads the author to explore many of the central Kleinian concepts. He writes on internal objects, on enactment and on containment, in particular exploring the various meanings and consequences of projective identification.


Drossart, F. (2016) Une Théorie Kleinienne de la Destructivité et de la Créativité. Editions du Hublot.


Feldman, M. 2009. Doubt, Conviction and the Analytic Process: Selected Papers of Michael Feldman. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out more about this book

Frank, C. 2009. Melanie Klein in Berlin: Her first psychoanalyses of children. Routledge.


Garvey, P. and Long, K. 2018. The Klein Tradition: Lines of Development - Evolution of Theory and Practice over the Decades. Routledge.

Geissmann, P. and Geissman, C. 1997. A History of Child Psychoanalysis. Routledge.

The Geissmanns describe the origin and development of child analysis, including Kleinian child analysis, worldwide.

Grinberg, L., Sor, D. and Bianchedi, T. 1957. Introduction to the work of Bion. Clunie Press. New Edition, Karnac, 1992.

Grosskurth, P. 1986. Melanie Klein. Hodder and Stoughton.

A detailed personal biography.

Grotstein, J. S. (ed.) 1988. Do I Dare Disturb the Universe? A Memorial to W. R. Bion. Caesura Press. Reprinted Karnac, 1988.


Hinshelwood, R. D. 1994. Clinical Klein. Free Association Books. Download a review of Clinical Klein.

This book shows the emergence of Kleinian concepts from clinical practice, making a link with Hinshelwood's A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought.

Hinshelwood, R. D. 1989. A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought. Free Association Books.

Hinshelwood describes and discusses the main concepts of Melanie Klein, including some of the views of her later colleagues.

Hinshelwood, R.D. and Fortuna, T. 2017. Melanie Klein: The Basics. Routledge.


Joseph, B. Feldman M, and Spillius E. Bott (eds.) 1989. Psychic Equilibrium and Psychic Change: Selected Papers of Betty Joseph. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This collection of Betty Joseph's most important papers examines the development of her thought and shows how her theory and practice is concerned with the detailed, sensitive scrutiny of the therapeutic process itself. Fundamental and controversial topics explored and discussed include projective identification, transference and countertransference, unconscious phantasy, and Kleinian views on envy and the death instinct.


Karnac, H. 2009. Melanie Klein and Beyond: A Bibliography of Primary and Secondary Sources. Karnac Books.  [15% discount available if ordered via - quote discount code: MKT2014] 

King, P. and Steiner, R. (eds.) 1992. The Freud/Klein Controversies 1941-45. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

Following the arrival in England of Freud, Anna Freud and some of their Viennese colleagues in 1938 and the death of Freud in 1939, the radical theories of Melanie Klein were the subject of prolonged controversy and fierce debate within the British Psychoanalytical Society. In the midst of, or as a result of, the personal animosities and political manoeuvrings, important intellectual contributions were made, and practical decisions taken, which were to affect the development of psychoanalysis down to the present day. The Freud-Klein Controversies 1941-45 offers the first complete record of the debate, including all relevant papers and correspondence, based on previously closed archive material.

Klein, M., Heimann, P., Isaacs, S. and Rivière, J. Developments in Psychoanalysis. 1952 (also in Karnac Maresfield Reprints, 1985.)

Kristeva, J. 2002. Melanie Klein. Translated by Ross Guberman. Columbia University Press.


Likierman, M. 2001. Melanie Klein: her work in context. Continuum.

In this critical yet sympathetic book Maria Likierman of the Tavistock clinic assesses the work, life and lasting influence of this brilliant figure. Klein has been quoted but she has never, until Likierman’s book been properly read. This book reveals with patient lucidity just what is fascinating about Klein as a psychoanalytic theorist…Likierman’s Klein is a Klein for a new generation of readers – Adam Phillips

Lisman-Pieczanski, N., Pieczanski, A (eds). 2015. The Pioneers of Psychoanalysis in South America. The New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. 

The book comprises a collection of some of the most relevant papers written by the pioneers as well as historical and conceptual essays on each of them by contemporary scholars. The collection contains several papers never before published in English.

Lopez-Corvo, R. 2005. Dictionary of the Work of W.R. Bion. Karnac.

Lopez-Corvo, R. 2006. Wild Thoughts Searching for a Thinker: a clinical application of W.R. Bion's Theories. Karnac.

Lucas, R. 2009. The Psychotic Wavelength - A Psychoanalytic Perspective for Psychiatry. Routledge.


Mawson, C. (ed.) 2010. Bion Today. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out more about this book

Meltzer, D. 1967. The Psychoanalytical Process. Heinemann.

Based mainly on child analytic work this book describes Donald Meltzer’s supervisory and clinical methodology. Intended for practitioners, it concentrates on the establishment and maintenance of the analytic setting.

Meltzer, D. 1973. Sexual States of Mind. Clunie Press.

This book offers both a history and a revision of psychoanalytic theories of psychosexual development. It investigates the metapsychology of perversions, addictions, fetishism and regressive illness. The frame of reference interrelates adult and infantile states of mind and their implications for character development. It includes papers on 'Terror, Persecution and Dread' and formulates a distinction between groups and gangs.

Meltzer, D. 1978. The Kleinian Development. Clunie Press.

This volume comprises three sets of lectures, each based on Freud, Klein and Bion respectively. It focuses on a particular line of development of method and theory, in successive models of the mind.

Menzies Lyth, I. 1988. Containing Anxiety in Institutions: Selected Essays. Free Association Books

Mitchell, J. 1986. The Selected Melanie Klein. Penguin Books.

Papers selected and introduced by Juliet Mitchell, this book includes the version of 'Envy and Gratitude' originally given verbally by Melanie Klein at the 1955 International Congress of Psychoanalysis.

Money-Kyrle, R. 1978. The Collected Papers of Roger Money-Kyrle. Clunie Press.

This volume collects Money-Kyrle's papers written between 1927 and 1978. It includes his important contributions on 'Cognitive Development', 'Fear of Insanity' and 'The Aims of Psycho-Analysis'.


O'Shaughnessy, E. and Rusbridger, R. (ed). 2014. Inquiries in Psychoanalysis: Collected papers of Edna O'Shaughnessy. Routledge.


Petot, J. 1990. Melanie Klein: v.1: First Discoveries and First systems 1919-1932. Translated by C. Trollope. International Universities Press.

A thoughtful French perspective on the development of Klein's thought.

Petot, J. 1991. Melanie Klein: v.2: The Ego and the Good Object 1932-1960. Translated by C. Trollope. International Universities Press.


Quinodoz, J-M. 2014.  Melanie Klein and Marcelle Spira: Their Correspondence and Context.  Forward by Dr Ron Britton. Routledge.  
Jean-Michel Quinodoz brings together these historically important letters. This rare collection of their correspondence is a valuable contribution to the history of psychoanalysis and will be essential reading for psychoanalysts, trainee psychoanalysts and lay readers with an interest in the work of Klein and Spira. 


Racker, H. 1968. Transference and Countertransference. Hogarth Press and The Institute of Psychoanalysis.

This book on psychoanalytic technique by the late Argentinean analyst first published in Spanish in 1960 deals with the use of the countertransference as a tool for understanding the mental processes of the patient (especially his transference reactions).

Rey, J. H. 1994. Universals of Psychoanalysis in the Treatment of Psychotic and Borderline States. Free Association Books.

Henri Rey's work with psychotic, borderline and neurotic patients both in psychoanalytic practice and at the Maudsley Hospital is vividly described. This has led to the description of important mental mechanisms which help us to address basic clinical problems.

Riesenberg-Malcolm, R. 1999. On Bearing Unbearable States of Mind. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This book describes the analyst's taking in and effective interpretation of the extremely painful thoughts and feelings of very disturbed patients, showing in detailed clinical examples how intolerably painful states of mind can be used as a basis for insight and psychic change in the patient.

Rivière, J. Hughes, A. (ed.) 1991. The Inner World and Joan Rivière: Collected Papers, 1920-1958. Karnac. Find out about translations.

This book shows the importance of Rivière’s work not only as a translator of Freud and close colleagues of Melanie Klein, and exponent of her work, but also as an original analytic thinker in her own right.

Rosenfeld, H. A. 1964. Psychotic States. Hogarth Press.

Rosenfeld (1910-1986) makes a powerful case both for the intelligibility of psychotic symptoms and the potential benefits of their treatment by psychoanalytic means.

Rosenfeld, H. A. 1987. Impasse and Interpretation: Therapeutic and Anti-Therapeutic Factors in the Psychoanalytic Treatment of Psychotic, Borderline, and Neurotic Patients. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations

After describing the facts in the analytic situation that can lead to impasse, Rosenfeld describes how a detailed understanding of narcissism and projective identification in the analytic process can undo impasses.

Roth, P., and Lemma, A. (eds.) 1999. Envy and Gratitude Revisited. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

These stimulating essays are evidence that 50 years after its publication Melanie Klein's Envy and Gratitude still is a rich source of psychoanalytic inspiration. Sixteen highly regarded analysts, representing a wide range of psychoanalytic thinking, provide new insights and highlight current developments without avoiding the controversies that surround the original publication. The clinical and literary material is engaging and illustrates the effect of theory on practice and the influence of practice on the evolution of theory.

Rustin, M. et al. 1997. Psychotic States in Children. Karnac.

Rustin, M. and Quagliata, E. 2000. Assessment in Child Psychotherapy. Karnac.

Rustin, M. and Bradley, J. 2008. Work Discussion: Learning from Reflective Practice in Work with Children and Families. Karnac.

Rustin, M. 2016. Reading Klein. Routledge.


Schafer, R. (ed.) 1997. The Contemporary Kleinians of London. International Universities Press.

Schafer describes developments in current Kleinian thought, comparing and contrasting it with current ego-psychological approaches in the United States. He illustrates his views by a comprehensive selection of 'post-Kleinian' papers.

Schoenhals, H. (ed.), with Taylor, D. and Applebaum, A. 1994. 'Contemporary Kleinian Psychoanalysis'. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, Vol. 14, No. 3.

This monograph contains general overviews of Kleinian analysis together with papers on identification, defensive systems, technique, projective identification, perversion as defence, and the process of psychoanalytic supervision.

Segal, H. 1964. Introduction to the Work of Melanie Klein. Hogarth. Reprinted Karnac, 1988.

Based on lectures at The Institute of Psychoanalysis, Segal gives a very clear introduction to Klein's basic ideas, with plentiful clinical illustration.

Segal, H. 1979. Klein. Fontana. Reprinted Karnac, 1989.

A biography focusing on the development of Klein's ideas, particularly phantasy, the role of anxiety, the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions, death instinct and envy.

Segal, H. 1981. The Work of Hanna Segal: A Kleinian Approach to Clinical Practice. Jason Aronson. Free Associations Books, 1986.

This book is a selection of many of Hanna Segal's most important papers, including 'Notes on Symbol Formation', 'A psychoanalytic Approach to Aesthetics', and 'The Function of Dreams'.

Segal, H. 1990. Dream, Phantasy and Art. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

Hanna Segal reworks her ideas on symbolism, aesthetics and dreams and brings them vividly alive in a new integration of theory and clinical examples which links them afresh to the work of Freud, Klein and Bion.

Segal, H. Steiner J. (ed.) 1997. Psychoanalysis, Literature and War: Papers 1972-1995. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

This collection of Hanna Segal's papers contains: 'The Clinical Usefulness of the Death Instinct' and 'Phantasy and Reality' as well as papers on Conrad, Rushdie and the Gulf War.

Segal H. Nicola Abel-Hirsch (ed.) 2007. Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge.

Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow presents a selection of papers written by Hanna Segal. The collection introduces the reader to a wide spectrum of insights into psychoanalysis, ranging from current thoughts on the nature of dreaming to new ideas about vision and disillusionment. Her long interest in factors affecting war is pursued in her examination of the psychotic factors, symbolic significance and psychological impact of the events of September the 11th, and the ensuing war on Iraq.

Sherwin-White, S. (2017) Melanie Klein Revisited: Pioneer and Revolutionary in the Psychoanalysis of Young Children. Karnac.

Sodré, I. and Roth, P. (ed.). 2015. Imaginary Existences; A Psychoanalytic Exploration of Phantasy, Fiction, Dreams and Daydreams. Routledge.

Spillius, E. B. Roth, P. and Rusbridger, R. (eds.) 2007. Encounters with Melanie Klein, Selected Papers of Elizabeth Spillius. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Download a review of Encounters with Melanie Klein.

In Encounters with Melanie Klein: Selected Papers of Elizabeth Spillius the author argues that her two professions, anthropology and psychoanalysis, have much in common, and explains how her background in anthropology led her on to a profound involvement in psychoanalysis and her establishment as a leading figure amongst Kleinian analysts.

Spillius describes what she regards as the important features of Kleinian thought and discusses the research she has carried out in Melanie Klein's unpublished archive, including Klein's views on projective identification.

Spillius's own clinical ideas make up the last part of the book with papers on envy, phantasy, technique, the negative therapeutic reaction and otherness. Her writing has a clarity which is very particular to her; she conveys complicated ideas in a most straightforward manner, well illustrated with pertinent clinical material.

Spillius, E. B. ( ed.) 1988. Melanie Klein Today 1. Mainly Theory. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations.

Spillius, E. B. (ed.) 1988. Melanie Klein Today 2. Mainly Practice. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations.

The first volume discusses Kleinian theories of psychosis, projective identification, thinking, and pathological organisations and illustrates their use in recent Kleinian papers. The second volume discusses general Kleinian developments in technique and illustrates them by papers concerning child and adult analysis; the application of Kleinian ideas in other fields is also discussed and illustrated.

Spillius, E., Milton, J., Garvey, P., Couve, C., and Steiner, D. 2011. The New Dictionary of Kleinian Thought. Routledge. Find out more about this book

Spillius, E. and O'Shaughessy, E. (eds.) 2011. Projective Identification: The Fate of a Concept. Routledge. Find out more about this book

Spillius, E. 2015. Journeys in Psychoanalysis: The Selected Works of Elizabeth Spillius. Routledge.

Steiner, J. 1993. Psychic Retreats: Pathological Organisations in Psychotic, Neurotic and Borderline Patients. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Download a review of Psychic Retreats.

Using new developments in Kleinian theory, John Steiner examines the way object relationships and defences can be organised into complex structures which lead to a personality and an analysis becoming rigid and stuck, presenting a challenge to the analyst and to analytic theory.

Steiner, J. (ed.) 2008. Rosenfeld in Retrospect. New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge. Find out about translations

How has Herbert Rosenfeld contributed to psychoanalysis today? Rosenfeld in Retrospect presents original psychoanalytic papers showing the influence of Herbert Rosenfeld on psychoanalysis today, and reproduces some of Rosenfeld's most important clinical writings

Steiner, J. 2011. Seeing and Being Seen: Emerging from a Psychic Retreat. Routledge. Find out more about this book

Steiner, J. 2017. Lectures on Technique by Melanie Klein: Edited with Critical Review by John Steiner. Routledge.

Symington, J. (ed.) 2000. Imprisoned Pain and its Transformation: A Festschrift for H Sydney Klein. Karnac.

Symington, J. and N. 1996. The Clinical Thinking of Wilfred Bion. Part of the Makers of Modern Psychotherapy series. Routledge.


Touze, J. (ed.) 2017. Meltzer in Paris. Harris Meltzer Trust.


Waddell, M. 1998. Inside Lives: Psychoanalysis and the Growth of Personality. Duckworth.

Waddell, M. 2018. On Adolescence: Inside Stories. Routledge.

Weiß, H. and Rumpeltes, R. (eds.) 2017. Hanna Segal Revisited. Brandes & Apsel.