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melanie klein trust

Melanie Klein Trust

Furthering the psychoanalytic theory
and technique of Melanie Klein

Virginia and Leonard Woolf

Adeline Virginia Woolf was born in 1882, a year before Melanie Klein. Her future husband, Leonard Woolf, was born in 1880. Virginia was brilliant, immensely imaginative and ambitious, and went on to become one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. Leonard was an intelligent, talented essayist, theorist and civil servant.

The Woolfs were at the heart of the Bloomsbury Group in the first three decades of the 20th century. They both became very interested in psychoanalysis, and under their own Hogarth Press they published Freud's work in translation by James Strachey, a close friend of theirs. Woolf’s experiments with literary form and the expression of human experience – embodied most famously in the stream-of-consciousness style – have often been viewed in the light of psychoanalytic theory, and Woolf herself wrote about this new realm of thought in her diaries and notes. Whilst Virginia met Freud at his London home, not long before his death, it was Adrian and Karin Stephen, Virginia’s brother and sister-in-law, who hosted Klein’s first lectures in London in the summer of 1926.

The Woolfs met Melanie Klein at least once, and Virginia described Klein thus:

"...a woman of character & force some submerged - how shall I say? - not craft, but subtlety; something working underground. A pull, a twist, like an undertow: menacing. A bluff grey haired lady, with large bright imaginative eyes."

Virginia Woolf drowned herself in 1941, aged 59, feeling the onset of the last of several mental breakdowns in her life. Leonard lived until 1969, when he died aged 88.