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melanie klein trust

Melanie Klein Trust

Furthering the psychoanalytic theory
and technique of Melanie Klein


New in the Writers section - profiles of Frances Tustin and Martha Harris

Profiles of two seminal figures in the field of child psychotherapy - Frances Tustin and Martha Harris - are now available in the Writers section.

Francis Tustin (1913-1994) was renowned for her pioneering work on the psychoanalytic treatment of childhood autism. She was the first to emphasise the central importance of the body for autistic children, and her work explored the idea that they used sensation-based mechanisms to protect themselves and generate a sense of self-sufficiency.

Martha (‘Mattie’) Harris (1920-1986) was a central figure in the development of child psychotherapy. She is known for her elaboration of the potential of infant observation, both as a cornerstone of psychoanalytic education and for its illumination of the early growth of the mind and understanding of primary relationships.

Both trained at the Tavistock Clinic, where from 1960 Harris was responsible for child psychotherapy training, contributing to its development in the UK and around the world.

Read the full profiles of Frances Tustin and Martha Harris.

15 March 2017

New video - Ron Britton on Karl Abraham

Our latest film shows eminent Kleinian analyst Ron Britton exploring the life and work of Karl Abraham, one of Freud’s closest colleagues and a major early theorist, who both analysed Klein and had a deep influence on her work.

Britton talks in illuminating depth about Abraham’s key concepts and clinical approach, his sustained dialogue with Freud, his impact on the development of psychoanalysis in its early years, and the ways in which his profound contributions have been absorbed into the theoretical writings of both Klein and Freud, among others.

The film is of particular interest to psychoanalysts and researchers in this area, though it is by no means only for specialists.

Visit the audio and video page to watch the video.

8 March 2017

New on the blog - publications from the Klein archive

In her latest blog post, the Trust's honorary archivist, Jane Milton, highlights publications that are informed by, or based on, original material from the Klein archive.

Jane says, "A steady stream is now accumulating of publications based on the Klein archive, and there is scope for many more. With the recent publication of Lectures on Technique by Melanie Klein, edited by John Steiner, it seems a good time to provide readers with a list of what has already been published."

Visit the blog, Exploring Melanie Klein's Archive at the Wellcome Library, to find out more.

1 March 2017

Recently published - Lectures on Technique by Melanie Klein: Edited with Critical Review by John Steiner

Lectures on Technique by Melanie Klein is based on a series of previously unpublished lectures given by Melanie Klein to students at the British Psychoanalytical Society in 1936 and in subsequent years. The book includes the full text of the six original lectures, accompanied by a critical analysis by John Steiner, who explores the characteristics of Kleinian technique, how Klein's technique changed over the years, what she saw as the correct psychoanalytical attitude and how psychoanalytic technique has changed since her death.

In addition, the book contains annotated transcripts, also published for the first time, of a recording of a seminar Klein held in 1958 with young analysts of the British Psychoanalytical Society. In this seminar, close to the end of her life, many of the points made in the earlier lectures were elaborated upon and brought further up to date in light of developments in Klein's thinking during the intervening years.

Lectures on Technique provides a significant contribution to the understanding of the Kleinian paradigm that will be essential reading for psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic psychotherapists with an interest in Klein's work and legacy.

Visit the Karnac website to find out more and buy online.

9 February 2017

Recently published - Reading Klein

December saw the publication of Reading Klein, by Margaret Rustin and Michael Rustin, in the New Library of Psychoanalysis series (Routledge).

Reading Klein aims to provide a full and accessible introduction to Klein’s work, interspersing substantial extracts from her own writing with the authors’ presentation of it.

Each chapter covers a major field of her work, showing its development over almost 40 years. The first part is concerned with her theoretical and clinical contributions. The second part sets out the contribution of her ideas to morality, to aesthetics, and to the understanding of society, introducing writing by her associates as well as herself.

Because of the clarity of its expositions and the selections which it contains from her own writings, this book should be a valuable resource for students, traineees, clinicians and other readers who are interested to explore Klein’s work. 

"This is an impressive exposition of Klein’s ideas. The authors write with great clarity and thoughtful understanding, making Klein accessible to a wide range of readers. A valuable source book and a real contribution to our knowledge of Klein’s psychoanalytic work."
Michael Feldman, Chair of Melanie Klein Trust

Visit the Routledge website for more information about Reading Klein

20 December 2016

New from the archives - effects on children of wartime evacuation

In a new blog post, the Melanie Klein Trust's archivist, Jane Milton, has published for the first time a note written by Klein about the effects of wartime evacuation on children. Milton discovered this following an earlier post about a 1944 radio script  on the topic of the effect of war on children.

She says, "This new find is interesting in that Klein goes into far more detail about the internal phantasies – only touched on in the broadcast – that might be horribly confirmed for the child when he or she is evacuated from home... It is striking to me that Klein seemed to feel the need to ‘water down’ her message somewhat in her radio broadcast, as if she felt that her more specific ideas about aggressive phantasies and their feared sequelae might not be acceptable to (or understandable by) her lay audience."

Visit the blog, Exploring Melanie Klein's Archive at the Wellcome Library, for the full post and a transcript of Klein's original notes.

12 December 2016

New - Melanie Klein Trust conference 2016, papers and report

We are pleased to announce that four papers from the Melanie Klein Trust conference, held on 4 June 2016, are now availabe to download. 

Visit the Downloads section to access the papers.

The conference was entitled 'The Effect of Omnipotence on the Analyst, Resonance, Dissonance or Silence', and dealt with the way analysts are affected by their patient’s behaviour and communications.

The first paper, given by Francesca Hume, was entitled 'Where shall the word be found, where will the word resound? Absence of resonance and the struggle to find the right register'. In the paper Francesca Hume described an analysis in which there was a striking absence of feeling about the patient. She seemed unable to create a resonance within the analyst and this gave rise to considerations about why this should be the case. The paper was discussed by Jane Milton.

In the afternoon Ignês Sodré gave her paper, 'Voices off: On fragmentation and the return of the split off', which used a poem and a short story by the American poet Elizabeth Bishop to illustrate the dilemma of a patient whose early experiences left him exposed to extreme anxiety. This paper was discussed by Richard Rusbridger.

The papers gave rise to a lively discussion from the floor.

There were 317 participants, 164 of whom also attended clinical seminars. They came from 24 countries: Australia (1), Austria (21), Bulgaria (5), Denmark (2), Finland (2), France (5), Germany (25), Greece (1), India (1), Iran (1), Ireland (16), Israel (18), Italy (1), Lithuania (1), Netherlands (8), Norway (15), Poland (2), Portugal (1), Russia (4), Spain (2), Sweden (4), UK (173), Ukraine (1), and USA (7).

John Steiner
Chairman of the conference

12 December 2016

New from the archives - Klein’s reflections on the ‘à deux’ infant/mother relationship

In her latest blog post, the Melanie Klein Trust's archivist, Jane Milton, brings to light a clinical fragment from 1950 which shows Klein reflecting on the existence of an early ‘à deux’ relationship with the mother, before any awareness in phantasy of a third. In Klein's notes, which refer to work with patient E, she seems to be speculating about how much this ‘à deux’ relationship with mother can exist without the interference of the phantasy of ‘father’ in some form.

For the full blog post, visit Exploring Melanie Klein's Archive at the Wellcome Library.

10 October 2016

Dr Horacio Etchegoyen, 1919-2016

It is with much sadness that we report the death of Dr Horacio Etchegoyen, who passed away in Buenos Aires on 2 July, surrounded by family and friends. Considered one of the most important psychoanalytic thinkers to have come out of Latin America, Etchegoyen had a significant impact on psychoanalysis there and around the world.

Read the International Psychoanalytical Association's tribute to Horacio Etchegoyen.

Read more about Horacio Etchegoyen's life and work.

14 July 2016

From the archive - 'The effect of war on children'

The latest post on our blog, Exploring Melanie Klein's Archive at the Wellcome Library, is a previously unpublished transcript of a 1944 radio broadcast on the suffering of children in wartime - a topic that sadly remains relevant today. In it, Klein talks in an accessible way about the importance of a sense of inner security in helping children in occupied Europe cope with the hardships and horrors of war.

The blog, by Melanie Klein Trust honorary archivist Jane Milton, brings to light items from the rich trove of material in Klein's archive at the Wellcome Library.

Visit the blog.

New video – John Steiner at West Lodge

This new video, filmed at West Lodge in June 2015, offers the opportunity to watch in full John Steiner’s presentation, ‘Melanie Klein’s Technique Then and Now’, as well as the audience question and answer session that followed. There were contributions from the event’s chair, Priscilla Roth, as well as discussion panel members Ron Britton and Michael Feldman. A transcript of the question and answer session is also available to download.

Visit the Audio and video section to watch the presentation.

New – Melanie Klein’s ‘full’ autobiography

We are excited to present a previously undiscovered version of Melanie Klein’s autobiography.

Klein worked on this version at the end of 1959, the year before she died, and it appears to be a final compilation of many notes she had made throughout the year. After Klein’s death, this ‘final’ version was sent by Betty Joseph to Roger Money-Kyrle, eventually finding its way into his archives at the Wellcome Library, where it remained until its recent discovery.

Transcribed and introduced by Bob Hinshelwood, this version complements the existing annotated ‘fragments’ published by Janet Sayers and John Forrester in 2013 (also available in our Downloads section).

Exclusively available on the Melanie Klein Trust website, the autobiography offers an insight into the way Klein saw her childhood, family relationships and career from the perspective of older age.

Download Melanie Klein's autobiography.

New - 'My father, Herbert Rosenfeld'

We are delighted to add a new presentation to the website - 'My father, Herbert Rosenfeld' by Angela Rosenfeld. Illustrated with numerous family photos, it provides a personal account of Rosenfeld's early years, his career and family life and his legacy. It was presented at the Institute of Psychoanlaysis in October 2015.

Download the presentation.

Visit the the Writers section for more information about Herbert Rosenfeld's life and work.